Forced migration and forced displacement

In studying forced or involuntary migration or displacement, a distinction is often made between conflict-induced and disaster-induced migration. Displacement induced by conflict is typically referred to man-made, whereas natural causes typically underlay migrations created by disasters. [While these dichotomies are conceptually useful, the lines between them may be blurred in practice. Thus, conflict may arise due to disputes over natural resources, whereas human activity may trigger natural disasters such landslides.] 

Countries faced with forced displacement, whether induced by human intervention or nature, collect data on displaced populations. Such data are typically collected through a combination of population censuses, household surveys, border counts, administrative records and beneficiary registers. 

At the international level, data on forced migration are collected and/or compiled by various intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), such as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) as well as non-governmental organizations (NGOs), such as the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).

Last updated on
17 January 2018