About the Migration Governance Indicators
About the Migration Governance Indicators
Migrants' rights
Migrants' rights

Indicators in this domain assess the extent to which migrants have the same status as citizens in terms of access to basic social services such as health, education, and social security. It also describes the rights of migrants to family reunification, to work, and to residency and citizenship. The ratification of the main international conventions is also included within this domain.

Whole of government approach
Whole of government approach

Indicators in this domain assess countries’ institutional, legal, and regulatory frameworks related to migration policies. Domain 2 also reviews the existence of national migration strategies that are in-line with development, as well as institutional transparency and coherence in relation to migration management. This domain also investigates the extent to which governments collect and use migration data.

Partnerships
Partnerships

This domain focuses on countries’ efforts to cooperate on migration-related issues with other states and with relevant non-governmental actors, including civil society organizations and the private sector. Cooperation can lead to improvements in governance by aligning and raising standards, increasing dialogue and providing structures to overcome challenges.

Well-being of migrants
Well-being of migrants

This domain includes indicators on countries’ policies for managing the socioeconomic well-being of migrants, through aspects such as the recognition of migrants’ educational and professional qualifications, provisions regulating student migration and the existence of bilateral labour agreements between countries. Indicators equally focus on policies and strategies related to diaspora engagement and migrant remittances.

Mobility dimensions of crises
Mobility dimensions of crises

This domain studies the type and level of preparedness of countries when they are faced with mobility dimensions of crises, linked to either disasters, the environment and/or conflict. The questions are used to identify the processes in place for nationals and non-nationals both during and after disasters, including whether humanitarian assistance is equally available to migrants as it is to citizens.

Safe, orderly and regular migration
Safe, orderly and regular migration

This domain analyses countries’ approach to migration management in terms of border control and enforcement policies, admission criteria for migrants, preparedness and resilience in the case of significant and unexpected migration flows, as well as the fight against trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants. It also assesses efforts and incentives to help integrate returning citizens.

Key findings
Introduction

This country Profile describes examples of well-developed areas of the Republic of  Côte d’Ivoire’s (hereafter referred to as Côte d’Ivoire) migration governance structures and areas with potential for further development, as evaluated through the six domains of the Migration Governance Indicators (MGI). These address migrants’ rights, a “whole-of-government” approach, partnerships, socioeconomic well-being of migrants, the mobility dimensions of crises, and safe and orderly migration.

Click the icons on the wheel to explore the key findings.

The Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) initiative is a policy-benchmarking programme led by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and implemented with research and analysis from the Economist Intelligence Unit. Funding is provided by IOM Member States. 
 

Key findings
Migrants' rights

Migration Governance: Examples of well-developed areas:

  • Migrants residing in Côte d’Ivoire and contributing to its Universal Health Coverage (Couverture Maladie Universelle) are entitled to basic health coverage on the same conditions as nationals.
  • Côte d’Ivoire allows unrestricted access to independent economic activity or paid work for all  Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) nationals.
  • School heads are required to enroll all children referred to them, regardless of the nationality or status.

Areas with potential for further development: 

  • Regarding tertiary education, tuition fees for non-ECOWAS nationals are often higher than for nationals.
Key findings
Whole-of-government approach

Migration Governance: Examples of well-developed areas:

  • Management of migration issues in the country is guided by a migration governance framework, under the authority of the Prime Minister’s Cabinet Director.
  • The National Population Policy (Politique Nationale de Population) helps maximize the benefits of migration for sustainable development.
  • The collection of statistical data on migration  in Côte d’Ivoire is carried out by the National Institute of Statistics (Institut National de la Statistique)  and is disaggregated, by sex, age and education level.

Areas with potential for further development:

  • Migration management responsibilities are shared between different ministries and public entities with no formal inter-institutional coordination mechanism in place.
  • Statistical data on migration is sparsely available despite its prevalence in the country.
Key findings
Partnerships

Migration Governance: Examples of well-developed areas:

  • Côte d’Ivoire regularly participates in Regional Consultative Processes led by the Economic Community of West African States. 
  • Côte d’Ivoire  has concluded several bilateral agreements on free movement and labour mobility.
  • The government of Côte d’Ivoire partners with the private sector for the production of passports and the development and implementation of the e-visa system. 

Areas with potential for further development: 

  • Engagement with non-governmental entities on migration issues is informal.
Key findings
Well-being of migrants

Migration Governance: Examples of well-developed areas:

  • The Directorate of Employment and Trades Observatory with technical support from the National Institute of Statistics  collects labour market data disaggregated by sex, age and migration status
  • National and international degrees are recognized through the Commission for the Recognition and Equivalence of National and International Post-Secondary Degrees.  

Areas with potential for further development: 

  • Foreign nationals on a student visa are not allowed to work.
  • There are no regular studies on the impact of migration on labour market demands.
Key findings
Mobility dimension of crises

Migration Governance: Examples of well-developed areas:

  • The Civil Security Response Organization Plan includes provisions on the management of movements or displacements in the event of a natural disaster.
  • The "Une seule santé" (One Health) Platform under the authority of the Prime Minister ensures effective environmental health monitoring systems, informing and protecting populations against health threats. 
  • Côte d’Ivoire assists its citizens living abroad in times of crisis through its diplomatic missions.

Areas with potential for further development: 

  • Migratory movements caused by environmental degradation and the adverse effects of climate change are not addressed in national instruments on disaster risk reduction and management. 
Key findings
Safe, orderly and regular migration

Migration Governance: Examples of well-developed areas:

  • The Ministry of African Integration and Ivorians Abroad in collaboration with concerned ministries and international partners implements measures for the reintegration of Ivorians in the country. 
  • Côte d’Ivoire has a law against trafficking in persons as well as a law on combating the smuggling of migrants.
  • Côte d’Ivoire has concluded formal cooperation agreements with other countries to prevent and counter migrant smuggling. 

Areas with potential for further development: 

  • Visa and border monitoring and control are not fully computerized and corresponding responsibilities are segmented between several entities.

2019 October

Migration Governance Profile: The Republic of Côte d’Ivoire