How a lack of data is perpetuating the invisibility of migrant women's deaths
Although data collection on migrant deaths has improved over the last few years, there are many gaps in our knowledge about so called “missing migrants”. Basic information such as the sex of the migrant who is reported dead or missing is often lacking. Migrant women, the risks they face during their journeys, and the conditions of their deaths remain largely invisible in the available data. Kate Dearden and Marta Sánchez Dionis from IOM’s Missing Migrants Project reflect on the available data on migrant women’s deaths and what it tells us about where and how women die while migrating.
Four steps to ensure the mobility of social security for migrants
Portable social security benefits for migrants have great potential to alleviate poverty and contribute to development. Yet there is no guarantee that migrants will be able to take benefits accrued in their host country back to their home country. Dr Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Research Fellow at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), explains the portability of social security benefits and offers ideas on improving it.
Migrant recruitment costs in the EU
Recruitment or migration costs are worker-paid fees and expenses incurred to obtain jobs in other countries. Many migrant workers pay several months foreign earnings to get jobs, prompting efforts to measure and reduce worker-paid migration costs. Legal workers who move within and to European Union (EU) countries pay much less than irregular workers, some of whom apply for asylum after arriving in the EU and work legally. Surveys suggest migrants to the EU pay from one to four months earnings for their jobs, which is less than what most migrant workers pay for jobs in Gulf oil exporters.