Migrant deaths and disappearances
Since 2014, more than 4,000 fatalities have been recorded annually on migratory routes worldwide. The number of deaths recorded, however, represent only a minimum estimate because the majority of migrant deaths around the world go unrecorded. Since 2000, more than 60,000 migrant deaths have been recorded globally. These data not only highlight the issue of migrant fatalities and the consequences for families left behind, but can also be used to assess the risks of irregular migration and to design policies and programmes to make migration safer.
Migrant recruitment costs in the EU
Recruitment or migration costs are worker-paid fees and expenses incurred to obtain jobs in other countries. Many migrant workers pay several months foreign earnings to get jobs, prompting efforts to measure and reduce worker-paid migration costs. Legal workers who move within and to European Union (EU) countries pay much less than irregular workers, some of whom apply for asylum after arriving in the EU and work legally. Surveys suggest migrants to the EU pay from one to four months earnings for their jobs, which is less than what most migrant workers pay for jobs in Gulf oil exporters.