Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognizes for the first time the contribution of migration to sustainable development. Migration is a cross-cutting issue, relevant to all of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 11 out of 17 goals contain targets and indicators that are relevant to migration or mobility. The Agenda's core principle to "leave no one behind", including migrants, requires data disaggregation by migratory status, opening up significant migration data needs but also the opportunity to improve migration data.
Diasporas, sometimes referred to as expatriates or transnational communities, play an important role in leveraging migration’s benefits for development. Measuring issues relating to diaspora groups is challenging, as there is no agreed-upon definition of "diasporas". Data on migrant stocks can act as a proxy for diaspora populations, and remittance data are also closely linked to the study of diasporas. Since the 1990s, many states have established wide-ranging programmes aimed at promoting relations with diasporas. However, differences in definitions and a lack of robust monitoring and evaluation mean that comparative analysis of these policies is difficult.
Migrant recruitment costs
Most low-skilled labour migrants pay fees to obtain contracts and complete recruitment formalities. This is against international conventions and many countries’ national laws that require employers to pay all of the costs associated with the recruitment of foreign workers. As recruitment costs are often high and lack transparency, the international community is striving to reduce them by introducing increased regulation and monitoring practices, educating migrants about their rights, and increasing cooperation between origin and destination countries. Reducing recruitment costs has the potential to benefit employers, migrants and migrants’ families alike, while also encouraging more regular migration (Ratha, 2014). Data on recruitment costs have only started to be collected in recent years and a global database does not yet exist.
TALKING MIGRATION DATA: The effects of migration data on development
Hein de Haas, Professor of Sociology at the University of Amsterdam, shares his views on data, migration and development. Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this video are those of the interviewee and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or the International Organization for Migration (IOM). The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the blog do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IOM concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers and boundaries.