The United Nations (UN) estimates that among the 244 million migrants world-wide, 158 million are labour migrants who have left their home countries in search for work. Labour migrants have a much higher labour force participation rate (72.7%) than the general public (63.9%) (ILO and African Union, 2017). Crossing national borders to work is one of the key motivations behind international migration, whether driven by economic inequalities, seeking employment, or both. The additional impact of economic, political and environmental crises and shifting demographics, with ageing populations in some parts of the world and a “youth bulge” in others, contribute to rising labour migration (Ozel et al., 2017).
Migrant recruitment costs
Most low-skilled labour migrants pay fees to obtain contracts and complete recruitment formalities. This is against international conventions and many countries’ national laws that require employers to pay all of the costs associated with the recruitment of foreign workers. As recruitment costs are often high and lack transparency, the international community is striving to reduce them by introducing increased regulation and monitoring practices, educating migrants about their rights, and increasing cooperation between “sending” and “receiving” countries. Reducing recruitment costs has the potential to benefit employers, migrants and migrants’ families alike, while also encouraging more regular migration (Ratha, 2014). Data on recruitment costs have only started to be collected in recent years and a global database does not yet exist.
10 of the coolest visualizations of migration data
The increasingly complex landscape of international migration data requires visual tools that explain migration issues and trends in an easy-to-understand way. Jasper Tjaden, Data and Survey Officer at IOM's Global Migration Data Analysis Centre, shares 10 "cool" visualizations or vizs on migration data that strike an impressive balance between art, communication and migration information.