The G20 and migration
The G20 countries are at the centre of not only global economic governance, but also global migration governance. They play a leading role as their policy responses to migration challenges and opportunities affect migrants, countries of origin, transit and destination, and the world economy.
Data on G20 countries show the extent to which migration affects the G20’s demographic and socioeconomic spheres, but data limitations hamper more robust research that could allow policymakers to fully harness the economic potential of migration and formulate policies to promote safe, orderly and regular migration. In light of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, G20 leadership on more comprehensive, timely, and comparable migration data is essential.
In terms of economies and population, the G20 countries together account for approximately 85 per cent of the global economic output, 75 per cent of international trade, 80 per cent of global investment, and 66 per cent of the world's population (IMF, 2018).
2. Labour migrants: ILO, UN SD, OECD and Eurostat
- Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015- The European Commission’s Eurostat and OECD analyzed data on key integration indicators across the EU and OECD countries, with a focus on third country nationals in the EU and young people with an immigrant background.
- Indicators of Immigrant Integration: Eurostat examined survey data on migrants’ employment, education, social inclusion and civic participation to compare integration across EU countries.
- IOM’s 2013 World Migration Report presents Gallup World Poll data on migrants’ well-being in over 150 countries, and provides information on migrant integration in low-income countries, an understudied area.
Data strength & limitations
|Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)|
|2018||G20 global displacement and migration trends report 2018. OECD Publishing, Paris.|
|2017||G20 global displacement and migration trends report 2017. OECD Publishing, Paris.|
|Beheran, M., Cerrutti, M., Donato K. and Giorgiuli S.|
|2018||Strengthening data on migration to inform policy making. Policy brief. G20 insights, n.p.|
|Khasru, S., K. Mahmud and A. Nahreen|
|2017||The G20 Countries Should Assume Leadership of the Forced Migration Crisis and Mitigate the Deficiencies of the Existing Governance System. Policy brief. G20 insights.|
|2017||Migration in the G20: Thinking ahead without acting the now. The Global Policy Journal, n.p.|
|Garcia Diez, S. and D. O'Donnell|
|2017||G20 in Figures: Summit of the G20 states in Hamburg 2017. Federal Statistical Office of Germany (Destatis), Hamburg.|
|Think 20 Germany|
|2017||20 Solution Proposals for the G20 from the T20 Engagement Group. G20 Insights, n.p.|
|International Organization for Migration (IOM)|
|2015||How the World Views Migration. IOM, Geneva.|
MigFacts: Migration and the G20. IOM, Berlin.
|The World Bank|
|2014||Report on the Remittance Agenda of the G20. The World Bank, Washington, D.C.|
|Information on the 2018 G20 Summit in Argentina is available online.|