Migration data in Northern Africa

The six countries in Northern Africa1 – Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia – have historically been and remain significant countries of migrant destination, transit and departure. Economic, environmental and political instability contribute to the mixed migration patterns observed in the sub-region. Labour migration policies from as early as the 1950s incentivized mobility and played a role in the socioeconomic development of several Northern African countries (World Bank, 2010). Recent migration policies in the sub-region have affected human mobility trends, as well as migration route decisions. 

At mid-year 2019, the sub-region hosted an estimated 2.9 million international migrants, nearly 59 per cent of whom were either from the same sub-region or other African sub-regions (UN DESA, 2019). An estimated 46.2 per cent of all international migrants in the region were refugees and asylum seekers. Globally, an estimated 11.9 million international migrants – 4.4 per cent of the global migrant population – were from Northern Africa. Of these, 48 per cent and 33 per cent were hosted in Europe and Western Asia respectively (ibid.).

  • 1. As defined by the UN Statistics Division
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