Labour migration

In 2013, migrant workers accounted for approximately 64 per cent of the world’s international migrant population (ILO, 2015). Labour migrants have a much higher labour force participation rate (72.7%) than the general public (63.9%) (ILO and African Union, 2017). Crossing national borders to work is one of the key motivations behind international migration, whether driven by economic inequalities, seeking employment, or both. The additional impact of economic, political and environmental crises and shifting demographics, with ageing populations in some parts of the world and a “youth bulge” in others, contribute to rising labour migration (Ozel et al., 2017).